Private 17/581 (2nd Leeds Pals)

Private Joseph Raine’s name appears on the Cross Country Trophy awarded to the 93rd Brigade of the West Yorkshire Regiment on 17th March 1918.

1893: Joseph born in the Bramley district of Leeds. At the time he had one older brother, Walter, born Dec. Quarter 1887.

1911: In the 1911 census Joseph , aged 18, was described as a rag filler in a mill. He was living with his father, John Edward, a widower and a gardener, his brother Walter also a gardener, brother Peter aged 16 a brick maker Youngest brother Ben aged 12. Their address was 9 Providence Row Wortley- an area with several worsted mills. 2 other children had died. (Find My Past 2015).

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Providence Row No.s 7-11 (Leodis, 2015)

1914: Joseph’s service records no longer exist but his service number suggests he was an early volunteer with the 17th Service Battalion raised in Leeds in December 1914.

1915: Joseph married Florrie Kaye a fellow mill worker described in the 1911 census as a drawer. (Drawers inspected the cloth and used a needle to darn any imperfections). She was then living at 5 Waterloo Terrace very near to Providence Row with her widowed mother 2 brothers George and John (whose names appear with Joseph’s in the Absent voters List of 1918) and younger sister Olive and 2 boarders –both weavers (Find My Past 2015).

1916: The 17th Battalion was mobilised for war and landed at Le Havre.

1917: December 7th – the 17th was amalgamated with the 15th Battalion.

1918: March 12th – 15th Battalion Sports programme at Caucourt Pte Raine was in the  2 mile walking race, the 440 yard final, and the 1 mile final.

1918: March 14th Pte Raine was amongst the first 10 runners home in the battalion team  which won the Brigade Cross Country run at Frevillers.

1918: March 17th – Pte. Raine was again amongst the first 10 home when the battalion won the Divisional Cross Country run (Battalion War Diaries, 2015). There is no record of Pte. Raine being taken prisoner as were many of the battalion during the later days in March. He may have been one of the forty or so men to survive the engagement.

1918: Absent Voters list. West Division Leeds District XX. Pte. Raine was Registered at No 21 Town End Yard (off Lower Town Street) together with George and John Vickers Kaye (his brothers in law)  The householder was Elizabeth Kaye. Florrie is not mentioned but would not have been eligible  to vote at this time Pte. Raine’s first names were given as John Edmund. The lists were frequently inaccurate. 8 other soldiers were registered at addresses in Town End Yard.

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Town End Yard No.s 12-25 (Leodis, 2015)

1919: London Gazette issue 31439  13/3/19 Pte. Raine mentioned in Dispatches, This action, whatever its nature, may well have taken place in 1918.

1919: He was demobilised on 13th March 1919(category Z) and was awarded the British War medal and Victory Medal (Ancestry 2015).

1920: The army authorised the issue of an oak leaf emblem decoration to be sewn or pinned on the Victory Medal ribbon  of those mentioned in Dispatches. This is noted on Pte. Raine’s medal card 5/11/20 (Forces War Records 2015).

1921: December Register of Voters Joe Edward Raine was living at No 7 Town End Yard.He was elegible to vote as the occupier.

1922: December Register of Voters Florrie Raine living at No 7 Town End Yard was registered to vote in both parliamentary and local elections because of her occupation.. Joseph’s name does not appear.

1923: June Register of Voters No 7 Town End Yard Raine Florrie Kaye John Vickers. Where was Joseph Raine?

Researcher: Jane Luxton

Please Note:

  • All opinions and inferences are the researcher’s own.
  • Please refer to our Glossary of Terms for further information on the terms and phrases used in this post.